- Phalaenopsis Orchids (Moth Orchids)
These are the most commonly found Orchids used as household plants. They are extremely common because they are easy to grow and re-bloom in average household conditions. These are the perfect Orchids for beginners because they are forgiving of mistakes as well. The flowers of a Phalaenopsis Orchid are said to look like moths in flight, hence the name. This is one of the types of Orchid that you can find in any color, making them the perfect gift for anyone and any occasion.
- Cymbidium Orchids
Cymbidium Orchids are another popular orchid best known for their use in corsages. The flowers from this species last for a long time after they are cut and placed in water. The flowers have been known to last a few months if placed in a vase with water. This type of Orchid is also good for beginners, but needs to be in a location where temperatures drop into the mid-50s at night.
- Paphiopedilum Orchids
Lady-slippers are one of the most exotic types of Orchids that you can readily find. They are harder to grow because they need to be well rooted. If you can keep the root system strong, then this flowering plant will thrive. They require a repotting every year to avoid salt buildup and to replace the nutrients depleted from the growing medium.
- Phaius Orchids
This species is very easy to grow indoors and produces a large amount of flowers in bunches. These flowers are very fragrant and are available in a wide variety of colors. This Orchid does best living in temperatures between 65 and 70, with cool nights that drop to around 60. This makes them perfect for a drafty window in your house!
- Vanilla Orchids
Most people know vanilla for its great flavor and scent that can be found in ice cream, soda, and fragrances. What most people don’t know is that it originally comes from Orchids. This Orchid type is the original source of vanilla in nature. They are well known for the scent and large cluster of white flowers that they produce. This is one of the types of Orchids that is hard to propagate and is growing increasingly rare.
- Laelia Orchid
This Orchid type grows large flowers that can grow to 8-12 inches in some plants. They mostly enjoy bright, indirect sunlight and varieties can be grown in both warm and cool areas. You can also grow this species clinging to bark or in well-draining soil. These Orchids are considered the workhorse of Orchids because they were used to cultivate most of the most beautiful orchids that are popular today.
- Epidendrum Orchids
Epidendrun Orchids were one of the first established genera of Orchids. They produce bunches of medium-sized flowers on reed-like stems. You can find this orchid with clusters of orange, yellow, lavender, red, or fuchsia flowers. They require a good amount of indirect light and will suffer greatly from direct sunlight.
- Cattleya Orchids
This Orchid, formally referred to as the queen of Orchids, was a prerequisite for all special occasions before the creation of hybrid species. Of all of the types of Orchids, this type has one of the most storied pasts. It takes four to seven years for this Orchid to be mature enough to flower. After that, they will produce flowers year after year if cared for properly. These flowers can be found in a wide array of colors, including just about everything except true blue.
- Dendrobium Orchids
These types of Orchids are some of the most common found as household plants. There are over one thousand types of Dendrobium Orchids, and all have different requirements for air, light, and water. They can be found with large or small flowers of just about any color. Make sure to reference the basic care information that was provided with this Orchid when you purchased it.
- Brassia Orchids
These Orchids are often referred to as “Spider Orchids” because of the size and shape of the flower. The elongated, spike-like legs make this Orchid look like a spider. The spider shape is as effective for pollination as it is cool to look at. They are designed like this to attract spider wasps that hunt spiders in its natural habitat. When the wasp moves in for the kill, pollen sticks to its body and transfers to the next flower. The flower petals are green or yellow and are accented with maroon, the same colors as local spiders.